Synthesis Reports


Bardow, A., Fiorentini, M., Herr, P., Kämper, A., Koirala B., Knoeri, C., Marinakis, A., Markard, J., Mayer, P., Oswald, K., Peter, C., Pfenninger, S., Sansavini, G., Schaffner, C., Schlecht, I., Schuetz, P., Schwarz, M. & Villasmil, W. (2023). Flexibility and sector coupling in energy systems: definitions and metrics – synthesis report. DOI: 10.3929/ethz-b-000641177

Journal articles


Gabrielli, P., Garrison, J., Hässig, S., Raycheva, E., & Sansavini, G. (2024). The role of hydrogen storage in an electricity system with large hydropower resources. Energy Conversion and Management, 302, 118130. DOI: 10.1016/j.enconman.2024.118130

Palmié, M., Miehé, L., Mair, J., & Wincent, J. (2024). Valuation Entrepreneurship Through Product Design and Blame-​Avoidance Strategies: How Tesla Managed to Change the Public Perception of Sustainable Innovations. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 41(3), 644–676. DOI: 10.1111/jpim.12732


Akbari, B., & Sansavini, G. (2023). Adaptive robust AC optimal power flow considering intrahour uncertainties. Electric Power Systems Research, 216, 109082. DOI: 10.1016/j.epsr.2022.109082

Akbari, B., Gabrielli, P., & Sansavini, G. (2023). Computationally efficient gas flow models for energy system optimization. 33rd European Symposium on Computer-Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE33). DOI: 10.3929/ethz-b-000624783

Andersen, A.D., Markard, J., Bauknecht, D., Korpås, M. (2023). Architectural change in accelerating transitions: Actor preferences, system architectures, and flexibility technologies in the German energy transition. Energy Research & Social Science, 97, 102945. DOI: 10.1016/j.erss.2023.102945

Baader, F. J., Althaus, P., Bardow, A., & Dahmen, M. (2023). Demand response for flat nonlinear MIMO processes using dynamic ramping constraints. Computers & Chemical Engineering172, 108171. DOI: 10.1016/j.compchemeng.2023.108171

Baader, F. J., Moret, S., Wiesemann, W., Staffell, I., & Bardow, A. (2023). Streamlining Energy Transition Scenarios to Key Policy DecisionsarXiv preprint arXiv:2311.06625.

Ehrhart, K. M., Schlecht, I., Schmitz, J., Wang, R. (2023). Comparison of price caps and tariffs to counter a foreign monopoly. Economics Letters, 227, 111128.

Ganter, A., Gabrielli, P., & Sansavini, G. (2023a). Optimal design of hydrogen supply chains under demand and resource uncertainty. Extended Abstracts of the 33rd European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE-33), 108–109.

Ganter, A., Gabrielli, P., & Sansavini, G. (2024). Near-term infrastructure rollout and investment strategies for net-zero hydrogen supply chains. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 194, 114314. DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2024.114314

Koirala, B.P., Cai, H., De Koning, J., Heer, P., Orehounig K. Flexibility assessment of power-hydrogen-power (P2H2P) system in multi-energy districts. J Phys: Conf Ser 2023;2600:072007. DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/2600/7/072007

Leenders, L., Hagedorn, D. F., Djelassi, H., Bardow, A., & Mitsos, A. (2023). Bilevel optimization for joint scheduling of production and energy systems. Optimization and engineering24(1), 499-537. DOI: 10.1007/s11081-021-09694-0

Leenders, L., Sollich, M., Reinert, C., & Bardow, A. (2023). Integrating quantum and classical computing for multi-energy system optimization using Benders decompositionarXiv preprint arXiv:2309.16363.

Le Dréau, J., Lopes, R. A., O’Connell, S., Finn, D., Hu, M., Queiroz, H., … & Saeed, M. H. (2023). Developing energy flexibility in clusters of buildings: A critical analysis of barriers from planning to operation. Energy and Buildings, 113608. DOI: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2023.113608

Lienhard, N., Mutschler, R., Leenders, L., & Rüdisüli, M. (2023). Concurrent deficit and surplus situations in the future renewable Swiss and European electricity system. Energy Strategy Reviews, 46, 101036. DOI: 10.1016/j.esr.2022.101036

Mannhardt, J., Gabrielli, P., & Sansavini, G. (2023). Collaborative and selfish mitigation strategies to tackle energy scarcity: The case of the European gas crisis. iScience, 26(5). DOI: 10.1016/j.isci.2023.106750

Markard, J., Isoaho, K., & Widdel, L. (2023). Discourses around decline: Comparing the debates on coal phase-out in the UK, Germany and Finland, In Koretsky, Z., Stegmaier, P., Turnheim, B., van Lente, H. (Eds.), Technologies in Decline: Socio-technical approaches to discontinuation and destabilization. Routledge, New York (pp. 119-144). DOI: 10.4324/9781003213642

Markard, J., Rosenbloom, D. (2023). Phases of the net-zero energy transition and strategies to achieve it. In: Araújo, K. (Ed.), Routledge Handbook of Energy Transitions, Routledge, New York. DOI: 10.4324/9781003183020-8

Markard, J., Wells, P., Yap, X. S., & van Lente, H. (2023). Unsustainabilities: A study on SUVs and Space Tourism and a research agenda for transition studies. Energy Research & Social Science, 106, 103302. DOI: 10.1016/j.erss.2023.103302

Ohlendorf, N., Löhr, M., Markard, J. (2023). Actors in multi-sector transitions – discourse analysis on hydrogen in Germany. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, 47, 100692. DOI: 10.1016/j.eist.2023.100692

Raycheva, E., Gjorgiev, B., Hug, G., Sansavini, G., & Schaffner, C. (2023). Risk-informed coordinated generation and transmission system expansion planning: A net-zero scenario of Switzerland in the European context. Energy, 280, 128090. DOI: 10.1016/

Reinert, C., Nolzen, N., Frohmann, J., Tillmanns, D., & Bardow, A. (2023). Design of low-carbon multi-energy systems in the SecMOD framework by combining MILP optimization and life-cycle assessmentComputers & Chemical Engineering172, 108176.

Schlecht, I., Maurer, C., & Hirth, L. (2024). Financial contracts for differences: The problems with conventional CfDs in electricity markets and how forward contracts can help solve them. Energy Policy, 186, 113981. DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2024.113981

Srinivasan, A., Wu, R., Heer, P., & Sansavini, G. (2023). Impact of forecast uncertainty and electricity markets on the flexibility provision and economic performance of highly-decarbonized multi-energy systems. Applied Energy, 338, 120825. DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2023.120825

Stankovski, A., Gjorgiev, B., Locher, L., & Sansavini, G. (2023). Power blackouts in Europe: Analyses, key insights, and recommendations from empirical evidence. Joule, 7(11), 2468–2484.

Thimet, P., Mavromatidis, G. (2023). What-where-when: Investigating the role of storage for the German electricity system transition. Applied Energy, 351, 121764. DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2023.121764

Toetzke, M., Probst, B., & Feuerriegel, S. (2023). Leveraging large language models to monitor climate technology innovation. Environmental Research Letters, 18(9), 091004. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/acf233

Vivian, J., Heer, P., & Fiorentini, M. (2023). Optimal sizing and operation of seasonal ice thermal storage systems. Energy and Buildings, 300, 113633. DOI: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2023.113633

Winzer, Christian, and Patrick Hensler-Ludwig. 2024. “Design and Impact of Grid Tariffs.” Energies 17 (6): 1364. DOI: 10.3390/en17061364


Baader, F. J., Althaus, P., Bardow, A., & Dahmen, M. (2022). Dynamic ramping for demand response of processes and energy systems based on exact linearization. Journal of Process Control118, 218-230. DOI: 10.1016/j.jprocont.2022.08.017 

Baader, F. J., Bardow, A., & Dahmen, M. (2022). MILP formulation for dynamic demand response of electrolyzers. In Computer Aided Chemical Engineering (Vol. 49, pp. 391-396). Elsevier. SOI: 10.1016/B978-0-323-85159-6.50065-8

Beaufait, R., Villasmil, W., Ammann, S., & Fischer, L. (2022). Techno-Economic Analysis of a Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage System with 3-Dimensional Horizontally Directed Boreholes. Thermo2(4), 453-481. DOI: 10.3390/thermo2040030

Eggimann, S., Vulic, N., Rüdisüli, M., Mutschler, R., Orehounig, K., & Sulzer, M. (2022). Spatiotemporal upscaling errors of building stock clustering for energy demand simulationEnergy and Buildings, 258, 111844. DOI: 10.1016/J.ENBUILD.2022.111844

Gjorgiev, B., Garrison, J.B., Han, X., Landis, F., van Nieuwkoop, R., Raycheva, E., Schwarz, M., Yan, X., Demiray, T., Hug, G., Sansavini, G., & Schaffner, C. (2022). Nexus-e: A platform of interfaced high-resolution models for energy-economic assessments of future electricity systemsApplied Energy, 307, 118193. DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2021.118193

Han, X., Garrison, J.B., & Hug, G. (2022). Techno-economic analysis of PV-battery systems in Switzerland, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 158, 112028. DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2021.112028

Leenders, L., Hagedorn, D. F., Djelassi, H., Bardow, A., & Mitsos, A. (2022). Bilevel optimization for joint scheduling of production and energy systemsOptimization and Engineering, 1-39. DOI: 10.1007/s11081-021-09694-0

Markard, J., & Rosenbloom, D. (2022). Phases of the net-zero energy transition and strategies to achieve it. Routledge Handbook of Energy Transitions. DOI:

Peter, C., Vrettos, E., & Büchi, F. N. (2022). Polymer electrolyte membrane electrolyzer and fuel cell system characterization for power system frequency control. International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, 141, 108121. DOI: 10.1016/J.IJEPES.2022.108121

Pickering, B., Lombardi, F., & Pfenninger, S. (2022). Diversity of options to eliminate fossil fuels and reach carbon-neutrality across the entire European energy system. Joule. DOI: 10.1016/j.joule.2022.05.009

Raycheva, E., Garrison, J. B., Schaffner, C., & Hug, G. (2022). The Value of Flexibility in a Carbon Neutral Power SystemarXiv preprint arXiv:2211.13625. DOI: 10.48550/arXiv.2211.13625

Raycheva, E., Schaffner, C., & Hug, G. (2022, July). Generation Expansion Planning in Switzerland Considering Climate Change Scenarios. In 2022 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM) (pp. 01-05). IEEE. DOI: 10.1109/PESGM48719.2022.9917017 

Reinert, C., Schellhas, L., Frohmann, J., Nolzen, N., Tillmanns, D., Baumgärtner, N., … & Bardow, A. (2022). Combining optimization and life cycle assessment: Design of low-carbon multi-energy systems in the SecMOD framework. In Computer Aided Chemical Engineering (Vol. 51, pp. 1201-1206). Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-323-95879-0.50201-0

Reinert, C., Schellhas, L., Mannhardt, J., Shu, D. Y., Kämper, A., Baumgärtner, N., Deutz, S., & Bardow, A. (2022). SecMOD: An open-source modular framework combining multi-sector system optimization and life-cycle assessmentFrontiers in Energy Research, 637. DOI: 10.3389/fenrg.2022.884525

Rosa, L., Becattini, V., Gabrielli, P., Andreotti, A., & Mazzotti, M. (2022). Carbon dioxide mineralization in recycled concrete aggregates can contribute immediately to carbon-neutrality. Resources, Conservation and Recycling184, 106436. DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2022.106436

Rosa, L., & Mazzotti, M. (2022). Potential for hydrogen production from sustainable biomass with carbon capture and storage. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 157, 112123. DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2022.112123

Stankovski, A., Gjorgiev, B., & Sansavini, G. (2022). Multi‐zonal method for cascading failure analyses in large interconnected power systems. IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution16(20), 4040-4053. DOI: 10.1049/gtd2.12565

Vulic, N., Sulzer, M., Rüdisüli, M., & Orehounig, K. (2022). Role of temporary thermostat adjustments as a fast, low-cost measure in reducing energy imports. Environmental Research Communications4(12), 121007. DOI: 10.1088/2515-7620/acacef 


Barahona, B., Buck, R., Okaya, O., & Schuetz, P. (2021). Detection of thermal anomalies on building façades using infrared thermography and supervised learningJournal of Physics: Conference Series, Vol. 2042, No. 1, 012013. DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/2042/1/012013

Gjorgiev, B., David, A.E., & Sansavini, G. (2021). Cascade-risk-informed transmission expansion planning of AC electric power systems. Electric Power Systems Research, 204, 107685. DOI: 10.1016/j.epsr.2021.107685

Gjorgiev, B., & Sansavini, G. (2021). Identifying and assessing power system vulnerabilities to transmission asset outages via cascading failure analysis. Reliability Engineering & System Safety, 217, 108085. DOI: 10.1016/j.ress.2021.108085

Markard, J., Rinscheid, A., & Widdel, L. (2021). Analyzing transitions through the lens of discourse networks: Coal phase-out in Germany. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, 40, 315-331. DOI: 10.1016/j.eist.2021.08.001

Melillo, A., Linder, E., Barahona, B., & Schuetz, P. (2021). Statistical analysis of 200 digital twins for thermal load of Swiss buildings created from smart grid monitoring dataJournal of Physics: Conference Series, Vol. 2042, No. 1, 012009. DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/2042/1/012009

Meys, R., Kätelhön, A., Bachmann, M., Winter, B., Zibunas, C., Suh, S., & Bardow, A. (2021). Achieving net-zero greenhouse gas emission plastics by a circular carbon economy. Science, 374(6563), 71-76. DOI: 10.1126/science.abg9853

Raycheva, E., Han, X., Schaffner, C., & Hug, G. (2021, June). Coordinated generation expansion planning for transmission and distribution systems. In 2021 IEEE Madrid PowerTech (pp. 1-6). IEEE. DOI: 10.1109/PowerTech46648.2021.9494931 

Rinscheid, A., Rosenbloom, D., Markard, J., & Turnheim, B. (2021). From terminating to transforming: The role of phase-out in sustainability transitions. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, 41, 27-31. DOI: 10.1016/j.eist.2021.10.019

Rosa, L., Sanchez, D. L., & Mazzotti, M. (2021). Assessment of carbon dioxide removal potential via BECCS in a carbon-neutral Europe. Energy & Environmental Science, 14(5), 3086-3097. DOI: 10.1039/D1EE00642H

Villasmil, W., Troxler, M., Hendry, R., Schuetz, P., & Worlitschek, J. (2021). Control strategies of solar heating systems coupled with seasonal thermal energy storage in self-sufficient buildingsJournal of Energy Storage, 42, 103069. DOI: 10.1016/j.est.2021.103069

Conference articles


De Koning, J., & Koirala, B.P. (2022). Analysis of a residential power to hydrogen to power system using MILP optimization and the energy hub conceptInternational Energy Workshop, May 25-27.

Gupta, R., Fahmy, S., & Paolone, M. (2022). Coordinated Day-ahead Dispatch of Multiple Power Distribution Grids hosting Stochastic Resources: An ADMM-based FrameworkProceedings of the 22nd Power Systems Computation Conference, June 27 – July 1.

Koirala, B.P., Mutschler, R., Bartolini A., Bollinger A., & Orehounig K. (2022). Flexibility assessment of E-mobility in multi-energy systemsCIRED workshop on e-mobility and power distribution systems, June 2-3.


Villasmil, W., Troxler, M., Hendry, R., Schuetz, P., & Worlitschek, J. (2021). Parametric Cost Optimization of Solar Systems with Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage for BuildingsE3S Web of Conferences, Vol. 246, 03003. DOI: 10.1051/e3sconf/202124603003